Movement 116

116. A substitute for the crank. Reciprocating rectilinear motion of the frame carrying the double rack produces a uniform rotary motion of the pinion-shaft. A separate pinion is used for each rack, the two racks being in different planes. Both pinions are loose on the shaft. A ratchet-wheel is fast on the shaft outside of each pinion, and a pawl attached to the pinion to engage in it, one ratchet-wheel having its teeth set in one direction and the other having its teeth set in the opposite direction. When the racks move one way, one pinion turns the shaft by means of its pawl and ratchet; and when the racks move the opposite way, the other pinion acts in the same way, one pinion always turning loosely on the shaft